Hi i need some help, I’ve upgraded my sons 12v hummer using a alternator and a gokart rear axle. the thing is too fast!! running a alternator as a brushless motor is inefficient i know i just wanted to see if i could do it. the acceleration is good does wheelys i can limit that with max amps but if i bring the erpm limit max down i loose acceleration too is there away to limit the rpm and not loose the acceleration?
Settings i am using and battery ect
ERPM MAX 12000.0 seems a good top end
8s lipo drone racing batteries x2 4s in series
hall sensor foot pedal ADC app
playing around with motor amps but set to 80amps
battery max is 100amps lol
braking max is -35amp
regen is 7amps
ABS is 150amps
duty cycle reverse button which is on a switch
I know all these settings are wrong and could harm the vesc. It seems to just go in to over temp and slows down but thats only with me in it, its fine with him so could bring all these settings down.
I know its a bit off topic but any help would be much appreciated!!
ERPM limit shouldn’t affect the acceleration, that’s odd. Are you sure no other settings change when you lower the ERPM limit?
Something that may be happening is what’s known as slip. Basically the rotor can’t keep up with the rotating magnetic field and it “slips”. Modern automotive alternators have no permanent magnets and rely on a separate field winding to provide a counter rotating magnetic field.
Can you do some data logging? It would give insight into what’s going on. If you hit the ERPM limit because of slip that would explain it.
Edit: a note on your settings, battery amps will always be less than motor amps (at 95% duty it’ll be ~95%). Setting your battery max higher than motor max does nothing.
Edit 2: last one I promise. When you convert an alternator to a motor you are effectively turning it into a squirrel cage motor which definitely have slip.
Ah okay, you do have a field current. The voltage isn’t so important, it’s the current that creates a magnetic field: current * # of turns (plus some constants). But of course you can’t have current without voltage… you can turn up the voltage to get a higher field. That might help.
Although now that I think about it, the VESC programming monitors the back EMF from the unfed phase to track the rotor position. Dunno what that would do but I would think it wouldn’t allow for slip and throw an error, but I could be wrong.
And lastly motor (machine) slip has nothing to do with what’s outside of the machine (motor). It is between the stator and rotor. Not to dumb it down too much, but think of turning a heavy load with just your hands. Your hands may slip a bit when turning so your hands (stator field) are turning faster than the load (rotor field).
Your wheels loosing traction is just fun, nothing to with what I’m talking about.
I should note that you need some amount of slip to generate torque. Induction machines may have up to 5% slip under load and these things create a huge torque.
Looks like fun! I’ll defer to those more experienced with the VESC control scheme, I haven’t really dug into the code much. For data logging, you should be able to plug in your laptop with VESC-tool open and log that way.
For reference: with a field current you’ve effectively created a synchronous motor. If you simply shorted (or grounded) the field winding it would be an induction motor (or squirrel cage). I know I said earlier you created a squirrel cage as that’s what a lot of people do, but with the field current it’s more accurately a synchronous motor. Just FYI.
Nice build! That thing’s a beast. I modded my son’s 12v Mini Cooper to 6s Lipo, then 4s with faster brushed motors and he loves it. Goes 10mph instead of 5mph. I think Charlie is going a wee bit faster and might need to slow down just a tad (heard that somewhere). Lol. That wide, slick wheelbase seems to be serving him well though. Thought he was going to roll it a time or two there.
What kind of throttle/brake controls are you using? My Mini has just the standard on/off pedal throttle, with Slow & Fast modes on a hand shifter. Right now, I have him start Low then shift to High to practice shifting and reduce the NSF (neck snapping factor), whiplashery, etc., but proportional control is next.
Yeah he was driving slow all day until I said right let’s pack up lol. I ve been trying different erpm settings this is too fast at 20000 Max erpm and I thought he was going to roll it scary to watch!! I did the same I will find the video with 30000 rpm motors/gearboxs. With the brake, it’s setup with the vesc and using about 25amps braking and 8amps Regen so when he releases throttle they come on. I had to put a huge throttle curve on the throttle as the thing wouldn’t stop wheeling seemed to work OK.